AC4054 Management Information Systems- Scientific Management on the design


Part A

Illustrating your analysis with examples discuss the influence of the theory of Scientific Management on the design of work in the modern organisation, making reference to both its strengths and weaknesses in relation to its impact on organisational design and information systems design.

The Principles of Scientific Management

1. The development of a true science of work. Taylor aimed to replace the ruleof-thumb and find the “one best way” to efficiently complete a task. This means utilising the least amount of time and labour to save costs and increase profit.

2. Scientific selection of the “first-class man” (Taylor, 1903, p.1345). This involves hiring the most suitable individual for the job, based on their physical and mental capabilities.

3. Progressive development of the worker. The scientifically selected workmen are trained to follow precisely defined procedures.

4. Compensation for first-class employees. Taylor believed providing financial incentives would motivate good performance.

5. Planning and organisation are the sole responsibility of managers; “The work of every workman is fully planned out by management” (Taylor, 1911, p.39).Any action performed by workmen must be verified by management and instructed in exact detail.

Part B:

• A brief critical appraisal of Sage system including good and bad features also relevant comparisons.

1. Screenshot and brief comments of the Trial Balance

2. Screenshot and brief comments Profit and Loss A/c.
3. Screenshot and brief comments Balance Sheet.


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