PSYC 1211 Introductory Psychology- obedience to authority seen in prison

Task:

Once you have read the relevant sections of the website and completed the personality questionnaire, answer the following questions in complete sentences in your own words:

You are not required to report the specifics of your results, but discuss your reactions to them.

Did you feel that you were accurate in the answers you gave? Were there areas where you felt less confident about your accuracy? What are the factors that might affect accuracy of your answers to the questions? How is our accuracy in seeing our own personality, especially what we might see as failings, affected by uncritical thinking?

1. Discuss how the five factors relate to your chosen career; i.e., what combination of factor scores should relate to job success and satisfaction, and why?

2. The theory behind the five-factor model of personality is that the five factors describe something universal about personality; i.e., everyone scores somewhere on all five factors, and these are the five largest, fundamental dimensions of personality. However, there are many words for personality traits other than these: kind, honest, aggressive, stingy, etc. Make a list of all of the words you can think of (feel free to find these from online sources, but cite your source), and then speculate about which factor(s) those trait words are related to. Don’t forget that the factors represent the continuum of personality so, for example, the trait of aggressiveness should apply to the factor Agreeableness.

3. Finally, contrast the Big 5 model with the id, ego, and superego found in the psychodynamic approach to personality discussed in Chapter 14 of the Wade et al. textbook in terms of how well these models apply to yourself (with the acknowledgement that anecdotal self-reports lack validity and are subject to bias and emotional reasoning)

Describe three points in the video that stood out for you, and explain why.

1. If you were an authority figure trying to get people to comply with your demands to engage in acts that were likely to violate their ethical principles, how would you use your appearance, demeanor, voice, personality, etc. to get compliance? If you threatened violence, you could get people to do nearly anything, but suppose you needed to maintain  the relationship, and threats of violence were not an option. What tactics are likely to be most successful? Explain your answer with reference to what you have learned in the video.

2. The textbook describes how Milgram’s results bear resemblance to obedience to authority seen in prison guards. Find and describe another real-life example of obedience to authority that is not related to prison, and show how it relates to Milgram’s findings.

3. What should hierarchical systems that depend on obedience to authority, like the military,learn from Milgram’s studies? 

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