PUBH6003 Health Systems and Economics-Supply and Demand


Learning Outcomes

The Subject Learning Outcomes demonstrated by the successful completion of the task below include:
a) Critically examine the key characteristics of health systems and apply this knowledge to local and global contexts;
b) Investigate and inquire into the building blocks of health systems and interpret how they are translated globally;
c) Evaluate the principles of systems thinking and promote multisectoral collaboration for the successful implementation of public health programmes;
d) Analyse the key concepts and principles of health economics; and
e) Evaluate the factors that influence health service supply and demand with a focus on the equitable distribution of resources.


Healthcare financing incorporates how funds are mobilised (raising revenue), accumulated (pooling) and allocated (purchasing) to deliver health services to individuals and population groups.
Health systems cannot function without funding: reliable channels of funding are important to ensure that a health system is equitable, and that individual healthcare costs do not cause financial harm.
  • Revenue raising ensures that there is money and ensures sustainability.
  • Pooling spreads the financial risk across the population to ensure equity and efficacy.
  • Allocation mechanisms used to pay for health services ensures services/medicines and technology.
Health financing also ensures the appropriate setting of financial incentives for the payment of health providers. Ultimately, health financing helps health systems to achieve their goals, such as health outcomes/gains, equity in the provision of health services, system efficacy and responsiveness. These key indicators are used to monitor and evaluate the health financing mechanisms adopted by different countries. Thus, knowledge of health financing will help you to understand the extent to which health system goals are achievable (or not) in a given context.
This assessment is designed to encourage teamwork and collaboration. The assessment requires you to engage in extensive research and undertake a critical analysis to craft clear and strategic evidence-based arguments to support your stance: a key skill in public health advocacy and policy development.


Your group will be provided with a topic and the stance that you will be required to argue. Critically evaluate your topic for debate (in essence, writing a position paper), as assigned to you by your learning facilitator. Consider the pros and cons for the achievement of the health system’s goals: the health outcomes (health gain), equity in health and finance, financial protection and the responsiveness of the system.

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