ARCH 200 Architecture: Global History of Architecture

Questions:

Study Questions:
1. Choose two case studies from the Study Guide for this unit. Find their sections in A Global History of Architecture, chapters “1200 CE” and “1400 CE,” and then examine two online resources covering each of these cases. What is the difference in the organization of information, point of view, analysis, emphasis, visualization, and use of sources between your print textbook and the online media?
2.During this period, 800 CE to 1400 CE, we note a structural change in the world economy, from agrarian-village societies to urban mercantile economies based on large-scale agriculture. What were some of the technical advances in the agriculture and economy of China, South East Asia, and Europe and how did they impact the development of cities?
 
3. Major religious monuments from this era seem to have one dominant intention: to create for the faithful a personal experience of the numinous “other.” Briefly describe how this was achieved by the builders of Chartres, France; the Phoenix Hall, Byodo-in, Kyoto; and Angkor Wat (Vrah Vishnulok) Cambodia.
 
4. Numerous temple complexes introduced water as a symbolic landscape element. Using sketch plans of three of the following: the Sun Temple at Modhera; Phoenix Hall (Byodo-in), Kyoto; Sage Mother Hall, Jinci Temple, China; Golden Pavilion, Kyoto; Angkor Wat, Cambodia; Itsukushima Shrine, Hiroshima, mark major elements of the sites, the ritual use of those elements, and their symbolic significance.
 
5. Using annotated ground plans, compare and contrast how belief, ritual, and function were accommodated in the following two monastic establishments: the (planned but never realized) monastery of St. Gall, Switzerland, and the Horyu-ji Temple, Nara, Japan.
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