Assignment Answers Pdf Of The Transtheoretical Model:10195

At the current time, people eventually start facing health challenges because of the
particular behaviours they start getting engaged i …

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At the current time, people eventually start facing health challenges because of the
particular behaviours they start getting engaged in. In the end, such behaviours start affecting
the health of the people. Similarly, this paper will be areflective report about myself taking
an interview of an individual who is engaged in such activities that are eventually affecting
their health in aserious manner. Here, Iwill be using ahealthcare model named, the
transtheoretical model or stage of change model, in order to address the changes in the
behaviour of the concerned patient as per the health challenges faced by that individual.
Moreover, as far as the patient ’snegative behaviour or the behaviour that has been eventually
affecting the health of that individual is concerned, itis required to mention that he has been
facing all of such challenges in his life because of the fact that he has started smoking
Case Study
Besides that, before starting the following case study itis also needed to consider
certain important information about the transtheoretical model. For instance, initially, this
model was developed or introduced by Prochaska and DiClemente in the late 1970s. This
model was introduced particularly for the patients who were indulged in the practice of
smoking, especially to understand their behaviours and eventually help them in motivating to
bring the needed change (Mastellos, et al., 2014 ).Similarly, in the case of the following
individual, itwas also observed that he also started considering the issues related to smoking
along comparing them with the benefits or perks provided by the practice of smoking. This
transtheoretical model has 6stages which are also referred to as the stage of change model.
These stages include pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and
termination (Mastellos, et al., 2014 ).
To begin with this concerned case study, firstly itis needed to mention that the
concerned patient is also facing the issues of health challenges because of the fact that he has
started smoking (Mastellos, et al., 2014 ). As per the concerned model transtheoretical model
also, the study of this model evolved according to the smoker, especially by entailing
information about the motivation or encouragement considered by the people who leave
smoking on their own for the people who are not able to leave smoking on their own
(Mastellos, et al., 2014 ).
Moreover, to begin with, the following six stages of the transtheoretical model let ’s
begin with the first stage of pre-contemplation. As per the stage of pre-contemplation people
are not accepting the challenge they might be facing or will face in the future (Prochaska,
Redding, & Evers, 2015 ).At this stage, there are instances available where people are not
even acknowledged the challenges which they might face in the future (particularly after 6
months). It is also required to mention here that such people are majorly focusing on the cons
of the changing behaviour instead of focusing on the pros of changing behaviour.
Particularly, in the concerned case of this paper also, the individual was facing all the
changes because of the fact that he started smoking. Moreover, after gathering the
information about his individual experience, itwas observed that he was also facing similar
issues, especially since he also was not aware of the fact that hmight also not get affected by
Further, the next stage is contemplation, in the foreseeable future people start
acknowledging the challenges are facing or the challenges which they might see in the
foreseeable future. More precisely they do accept that their behaviour is problematic and
eventually can cause them issues even within the time gap of 6months (Petrocelli, 2002 ).At
such astage, people consider both the sides about the pros and cons and eventually either
think of balancing them out or think about what could be the final consequences. For instance,
when he was asked about the further changes, he accepted the fact that he got acknowledged
for the bad behavioural changes which eventually started motivating him to look for the
positive change. Besides the fact that at this stage people start getting motivated for the better
change still, itrequires ambivalent about changing their negative behaviour.
Furthermore, the third stage is the preparation stage where the individuals trapped in
the issue are ready for the needed change within the span of the next 30 days. This stage is
also referred to as the determination stage, especially because of the fact that at this moment
of time people start thinking about the required change and eventually are determined about
the same (Petrocelli, 2002 ).
Similarly, this individual also informed that within the time of 3-4 months he started
acknowledging the need for determination required for abetter chance. With the help of
proper motivation of seeking the change for good, he started taking small steps like he
avoided smoking in private places (Petrocelli, 2002 ). The concerned patient also informed in
the following interview that he also started reducing the number of cigarettes he smoked on
daily basis.
Further, as per the next stage named action, the concerned individual for this repor6t
informed that he had left the cigarettes by now, and is now moving forward in life by
practicing better and healthy habits.
The next stage is maintenance, where people have sustained the changes, they have
made for their better health. Here in this case also, the individual is informed that itis no big
deal to leave smoking. The only important thing is to stick with the decision and always think
of abetter future with agood and healthy life (Sarkin, et al., 2001 ).He also informed that he
was continuously motivated with the same, because of the support of his friends as well as his
own will leave smoking because of upcoming challenges which he might face in terms of bad
Lastly, as per the final stage of this model called termination, people have completely,
moved on to astage where he no longer thinks about getting back to such apractice that is
eventually harming their own body (Sarkin, et al., 2001 ).Termination is the stage that people
do not reach easily. Also, to mention that itis avery rare thing where people to reach such a
level, especially because of the failure at the maintenance stage. However, as far as the case
of the individual who is interviewed here about his own case is concerned, also took two
times to cross the stage of maintenance.
In this particular motivational interview, Iwas particularly, get impressed by the will
of the individual, especially about the way hinformed his own struggle to cross the stage of
maintenance two times. It is also required to mention here that, the patient has been
motivated because of his own health concerns. According to which the Bestway to motivate
the patients in future, itis needed by the doctor or any concerned health professional to make
them acknowledge the facts about how they can be in trouble if they continue to stick to their
negative behaviour.
In the end, as apart of the conclusion, itis required to mention that, the only thing
which is required by an individual to recover his negative behaviour is by being motivated
and determined with the aim of having alife full of good health and healthy practices, in
order to live long, and happily.
Prochaska, J. O., Redding, C. A., & Evers, K. E. (2015). The transtheoretical model
and stages of change. Health behavior: Theory, research, and practice ,97 .
Mastellos, N., Gunn, L. H., Felix, L. M., Car, J., & Majeed, A. (2014).
Transtheoretical model stages of change for dietary and physical exercise modification in
weight loss management for overweight and obese adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic
Reviews ,(2).
Petrocelli, J. V. (2002). Processes and stages of change: Counseling with the
transtheoretical model of change. Journal of Counseling & Development ,80 (1), 22-30.
Sarkin, J. A., Johnson, S. S., Prochaska, J. O., & Prochaska, J. M. (2001). Applying
the transtheoretical model to regular moderate exercise in an overweight population:
validation of astages of change measure. Preventive medicine ,33 (5), 462-469.


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