Assignment Answers pdf of Faith and Integrity- TABL2712

Ethics and Law
Name of the Student
Name of the University
Author Note
Table of Contents
1. Identify: ………………………….. .. …

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Ethics and Law
Name of the Student
Name of the University
Author Note
Table of Contents
1. Identify: ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. .. 3
1.1 Issue: ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. 3
1.2 Parties: ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………… 3
2. Evaluate ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. .. 3
2.1 Ethical principles ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. …………. 3
2.2 Code of Ethics ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. ……………… 4
2.2 Law: ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. . 5
3. Action ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. ….. 5
3.1 Code of Conduct: ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. …………. 5
3.2 Options for Action ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. ……….. 6
5. Implementation: ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………… 6
6. Assess Outcomes ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………. 6
References: ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. . 7
1. Identify :
1.1 Issue:
Based on the facts as laid down in the case study, the issue here is what ethical and legal
framework can be applied in the present scenario to consider what RN Sharon Strzelecki and
RN Brett Craig should have done to Kim when she approached the hospital u nder severe leg
and foot pain.
1.2 Parties:
The parties to the case are as follow:
ï‚· Kim
ï‚· Public Hospital
ï‚· RN Sharon Strzelecki
ï‚· RN Brett Craig
2. Evaluate
2.1
Ethical principles Some of the ethical principles that should be considered when making a
certai n decision includes the following:
Accountability : This means that the person taking the decision should follow a code of
ethics based on which decision was taken and policies are regulated. The decision -making
body should know that his actions are being r ecorded by someone and in case if he fails
performs his duty properly, he will be questioned by someone who he owes authority
(Carvalho et al ., 2018)
Consultation: The person who is in charge of decision making should discuss with some
other person before passing any information or making any further decision. The person
should not fall in trap of any further assumptions or judgements before making a decision in
the best interest of the client
Sensitivity of culture: The cultural traditions should be caref ully practiced such as knowing
whether the person is sensitive or responsive to certain situation or not.
Critical Reflection: The decision maker should relate the present decision with its earlier
experience such as whether he consulted the matter earlie r or not
Faith and Integrity: The decision so taken should not go against faith and integrity and it
should be a reflection of my faith, moral values and principles in life (Chen, Treviño &
Humphrey, 2020) .
In the given case study, it can be concluded t hat none of the ethical principles were taken into
consideration when Kim arrived at the hospital. Both Sharon Strzelecki and RN Brett Craig
hardly took into consideration any of the above mentioned ethical principles that made Kim
suffer later on. They di d not record the vital signs and that is why the physical condition of
Kim deteriorated later on.
2.2 Code of Ethics
The elements from the ICN code of ethics are inclusive of the following:
Nurses and People: This means that the primary responsibility of the nurses is to make sure
that people who are in need of care should be given the same. While doing this nurses should
make sure that the human rights are properly addressed and importance is given to customs
and values of people.
Nurses and Practice: The nurses have the responsibility and accountability for making the
practice of nursing. They are accountable for maintaining competence when practicing
nursing
Nurses and Profession: The nurse takes hold of ma jor role in implementing and determining
acceptable standards of clinical nursing practice, education and research. The nurse is very
much active in forming and continuing the core of professional ideas
Nurses and co -workers: The nurse is the person who ta kes care of forming proper
relationship with the co workers in nursing as well as in other fields. The nurse takes hold of
proper action in safeguarding persons and families and societies when they are in any sort of
problem in relation to their health. Th e nurses are able to do so with the help of their co
workers (Ferrell & Fraedrich, 2021) .
In the given situation, none of the elements of the code of ethics were followed. The RNs
hardly took into consideration any of the code while taking the decision of sending Kim back
home. Kim was in need of immediate attention from the hospital however none of the nurses
took into consideration the code of ethics and they failed to provide immediate health service
to her. Resultantly, her physical condition deteriorat ed and was later on diagnosed to be
suffering from necrotising fasciitis.
2.2 Law :
Losing a loved one or seeing them in a condition that causes serious disability is devastating
and it can have long term psychological and financial effects. In those cases where a person
has died or he or she has suffered unnecessarily because of someone else’s negligence there
are very high chances that compensation may be announced due to the given incident. Surely,
money cannot really take away the pain but it some scenarios it will comfort the financial
burdens that will ruin the lives of family member s. In the case of Masson v. State of
Queensland, the appellant was an estate of the late Ms. Masson. Ms. Masson claimed
survived on the laws made in relation to an estate in the Succession Act, 1981. The claim of
negligence was made against the Queensland Ambulance Services (‘QAS’) and it was
considered to be vicariously liable as it can be held negligent for the actions and different
type of inaction whose duty is not be negligent before others (Ferrell & Fraedrich, 2021) . The
case clearly shows that the Q AS can be held vicariously liable for the actions of the
ambulance officer who did not perform his duties properly and acted negligently. In the same
way, since the hospital in which Kim was admitted to was a government hospital and the
employees of the gi ven hospital did not act in a proper manner and failed to perform their
duties appropriately, therefore, the state government can be held vicariously liable for the
negligent actions of Sharon Strzelecki and RN Brett Craig .
3. Action
3.1 Code of Conduc t:
The code of conduct lays down the outline of specific behaviour that are needed or prohibited
as a condition of the present employment. It might include forbidding someone from sexual
harassment, viewing someone in an inappropriate manner, unauthorised co ntent or acting in a
negligent manner to a certain situation knowing that the same might endanger the life of a
person. It provides a guidelines as to what choices employees should make when facing an
emergency situation. Therefore, it is formed to make ch oices and decisions easier for
employees (Lysaght et al . 2019). However, in the given case study, the code of ethics was
not applied anywhere. It was seen that both the RNs acted in an vague and ambiguous
manner. Knowing that Kim was in a kind of pain tha t was not regular they did not pay
enough attention to her. They kept ignoring her condition until she was diagnosed with a very
severe form of sickness. Thus, they did not follow the code of conduct as laid down by the
public hospital
3.2 Options for Acti on
Before taking the kind of decision the RNs took, there were certain steps that should have
been followed such as the following:
 Assessment of the given facts in a proper manner, this means that when Kim’s mother
was laying down the facts of her physical condition before the RNs, they failed to
listen all the facts
ï‚· Alternatives should have been considered in the given situation as the hospital was
already facing a busy time. Since it was already piled up with work and cases at that
moment, the duty of the hospital staff, before coming to a conclusion, was to take into
consideration the alternatives as well
ï‚· The hospital staff should have identified the case situation of Kim and analysed the
same to test its validity
ï‚· The members of the hospital should have t hen applied the ethical principles and moral
values to the given situation and should have made a decision that was best for Kim in
terms of her physical safety and compliance.
5. Implementation :
Healthcare organisations should have appropriate resources t hat includes ethical committee,
consultation of ethical services, written policies, frameworks, procedures and guidelines to
help the members with the process of making an ethical decision. With the given resources
and guidelines in place, it becomes the r esponsibility of the families, patients and caregivers
of the organisation to take care of the situation and apply the same in an appropriate manner.
6. Assess Outcomes
To assess whether the given outcome was ethical or not, the given decision should be
analysed based on the principles of code of conduct and ethical decision making. If the
outcome is for the best interest of the patient then the given action and implementation plan
works best for both the patient as well as the healthcare organisation.
Ref erences:
Carvalho, A. S., Pereira, S. M., Jácomo, A., Magalhaes, S., Araújo, J., Hernández -Marrero,
P., … & Schatman, M. E. (2018). Ethical decision making in pain management: a
conceptual framework. Journal of pain research , 11 , 967.
Chen, A., Treviño, L. K., & Humphrey, S. E. (2020). Ethical champions, emotions, framing,
and team ethical decision making. Journal of Applied Psychology , 105 (3), 245.
Ferrell, O. C., & Fraedrich, J. (2021). Business ethics: Ethical decision making and cases .
Cengage learnin g.
Lysaght, T., Lim, H. Y., Xafis, V., & Ngiam, K. Y. (2019). AI -assisted decision -making in
healthcare. Asian Bioethics Review , 11 (3), 299 -314.
McNamara, A., Smith, J., & Murphy -Hill, E. (2018, October). Does ACM’s code of ethics
change ethical decision m aking in software development?. In Proceedings of the 2018
26th ACM joint meeting on european software engineering conference and
symposium on the foundations of software engineering (pp. 729 -733).
Nguyen, B., & Crossan, M. (2021). Character -infused ethica l decision making. Journal of
Business Ethics , 1 -21.
Small, C., & Lew, C. (2021). Mindfulness, moral reasoning and responsibility: Towards
virtue in ethical decision -making. Journal of Business Ethics , 169 (1), 103 -117.
Valentine, S., & Godkin, L. (2019). M oral intensity, ethical decision making, and
whistleblowing intention. Journal of Business Research , 98 , 277 -288.
Van den Bulcke, B., Piers, R., Jensen, H. I., Malmgren, J., Metaxa, V., Reyners, A. K., … &
Benoit, D. D. (2018). Ethical decision -making cl imate in the ICU: theoretical
framework and validation of a self -assessment tool. BMJ quality & safety , 27 (10),
781 -789.
Wittmer, D. P. (2019). Ethical decision -making. In Handbook of administrative ethics (pp.
481 -507). Routledge.

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