Project Work Answers On Duration for the UIF Payments INRL6221

Running head: INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
Name of the Student
Name of the University
Author Note
1 INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
Table of Co …

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Running head: INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
Name of the Student
Name of the University
Author Note
1 INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
Table of Contents
Answer 1…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2
Answer 2…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3
Formation of NEDLAC ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 3
Structure of NEDLAC ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 4
Vision of NEDLAC …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4
Mission of NEDLAC ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4
Objectives of NEDLAC …………………………………………………………………………………………… 5
The legislated objects, powers, and functions of NEDLAC ………………………………………….. 6
Role of labor by means of Trade Union Federation involvement in NEDLAC ……………….. 7
Answer 3…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8
Validity of Antonio ’sUIF claim ……………………………………………………………………………….. 8
Categories for which UIF can be claimed …………………………………………………………………… 8
Duration for the UIF payments …………………………………………………………………………………. 9
Actions that Antonio should take ………………………………………………………………………………. 9
Answer 4…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9
References ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 11
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Answer 1
The employment generation in economics can be explained as the generation of
employment in the economic sphere of human activity. Industries that have ahigher level of
capital intensity with high incorporation of automation and technology are less labor-
intensive (Figueroa 2015). The automotive industries of Kariega, the small town that is
located in the Eastern Cape, generate huge employment for the town. The jobs generated are
predominantly specialized jobs for skilled workers whereas the town is surrounded
fundamentally by unskilled laborers since the town is predominantly poverty-stricken and
less educated.
Throughout the world, poverty is a problem. It takes many forms and varies from
country to country. In economics, however, the term generally refers to acondition in which
individuals or households are unable to afford the basic necessities of life (Balogh 2017).
This is the predominant condition of the town of Kariega. Since the citizens of the town are
not well educated, therefore, they lack ajob which again induces them to be poverty struck.
Now, since they are poor, they are not able to afford education which again pushes them back
to poverty. This is the vicious circle of poverty.
The sustained job provision is an initiative of the Singapore Government to provide
abasic living wage to Singaporeans. This means that companies need to offer aminimum of
$1,000 SGD in annual income for any Singaporean hired from 1 July 2018 onwards. This
power variable is at play in Kariega town. Since the industry generates employment in a
poverty-stricken area, hence this economic variable plays acrucial role.
The purpose of upskilling is to provide employees with the skills needed to progress
on the job or change jobs if desired. Employees who are upskilled may be more valuable and
happy in their work as they are given work that is challenging and rewarding (Jaiswal, Arun
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and Varma 2022). The employees of the company are upskilled in Kariega sin ce they lack the
basic education and need up-gradation of their skills to be employed in the company.
Answer 2
Formation of NEDLAC
The National Economic Development and Labour Council (NEDLAC) is South
Africa’s tripartite institution of national decision-making with regard to economic
development, labor market policy, and socio-economic transformation. NEDLAC was
established in December 1995, following the first democratic elections in South Africa. The
National Economic Development and Labour Council is an advisory body to the President of
the Republic. It was established by the Act of Parliament in 1995, following the first
democratic elections in South Africa. The Council is mandated to provide strategic guidance
on economic development and labor market policies for South Africa as awhole, with input
from all spheres of society. The National Economic Development and Labour Council
(NEDLAC) was established by the South African government in the 1990s. It is atripartite
organization made up of the government, trade unions, and employer organizations. .The
NEDLAC was created in the 1990s to improve labor relations and economic development.
However, in recent years, South Africa’s economy has improved but not without its share of
difficulties. As a result, the role of the NEDLAC has been limited to providing
recommendations on policy issues.
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Structure of NEDLAC
Today, the NEDLAC is made up of four main participants and has a wide range of
responsibilities. The government is represented by the Minister of Labour as well as two
appointees. Trade unions are present through their three representative bodies and employers
are represented by their six regional employer organizations. The mandate is as follows:
NEDLAC ’sexecutive body is the Council of Ministers, which meets four times ayear. The
Council of Ministers meets in plenary sessions, with the Chairperson presiding over each
meeting (Parsons 2001). NEDLAC ’s secretariat consists of five departments and four
institutes reflecting its multisectoral involvement.
Vision of NEDLAC
The National Economic Development and Labour Council is an institution that was
established in 1994. The council seeks to facilitate the social, economic, and labor
development of South Africa. The NEDLAC Act helps to promote the economic decision-
making and also achieve the social equity. The council consists of a number of
representatives from the government and civil society, including labor unions and business
organizations (Parsons 2007). NEDLAC promotes the rights and organization of workers in
South Africa, which is reflected in its goal to advance social justice. National Economic
Development and Labour Council (NEDLAC) is a tripartite council that brings together
representatives of business, labor, and government to address economic and labor issues.
Mission of NEDLAC
NEDLAC is a South African institution that was created in 1994. It is an advisory
body for economic development and labour issues. NEDLAC ’s mission is to provide
leadership on promoting economic growth, employment creation and poverty reduction.
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NEDLAC is a tripartite institution that was formed in 1990. It was set up to promote
sustainable economic development and social equity in South Africa. NEDLAC is
responsible for the formulation and implementation of national policies and programs for
socio-economic development, labor market regulation, labor relations, skills development,
employment equity and poverty eradication. NEDLAC helps to promote the coordinated
policy on matters of economic and social issues. NEDLAC has been working with the
government to help promote inclusive economic growth through education, skills
development, and employment opportunities. National Development Planning Council
(NDPC). The NDPC is in charge of coordinating the development planning process and the
formulation and implementation of policies for the national economy. It consists of 20
members, who are appointed by Cabinet. The NDPC is responsible for conducting detailed
economic research on a range of economic issues. It provides advice on macroeconomic
policy and development planning. It also coordinates the economic development of each
locality.
Objectives of NEDLAC
Section 77 of the Labor Relations Act takes into account the socio-economic disputes.
NEDLAC is atripartite institution in South Africa that was established with the objective of
improving the economic performance of South Africa and ensuring sustainable social
development. The main objectives of NEDLAC are to stimulate investment, create jobs, and
reduce poverty. The Economic Development and Labour Council is a tripartite forum
between the labor, business, and government leaders which has been established by the
Constitution of South Africa. NEDLAC’s objectives include negotiating agreements that
provide for an equitable distribution of national wealth, promoting industrial peace and social
harmony, and coordinating economic policies between the various tiers of government in
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South Africa. The National Economic Development and Labour Council (NEDLAC) is the
principal institution of social dialogue in South Africa. It was established in 1994 to promote
sustainable economic growth and employment opportunities within a framework of
democracy, equality, social justice, and human rights (Sowman et. al., 2014). NEDLAC has
four key goals: to create employment, increase skills development, improve service delivery
and build a competitive economy. It was set up in 1997 to create a climate conducive to
sustainable economic growth, social development, employment creation, poverty eradication,
and improved living standards. NEDLAC’s objectives are:- to foster conditions for
sustainable, broad-based economic growth, promotion of stable macroeconomic policies,
balanced regional economic growth, and alignment with national development;- to achieve
greater equity, especially with regard to the effects of globalization and the economy on
women and other disadvantaged groups;- to promote a high level of employment
opportunities with decent working conditions;- to provide effective and efficient service
delivery for the public;- to ensure that social development is achieved through an active
partnership between government, labor, and management;- to promote human rights at work.
The legislated objects, powers, and functions of NEDLAC
NEDLAC is a forum for dialogue and engagement for the national, provincial, and local
spheres of government to discuss economic and labor issues. The National Economic
Development and Labour Council (NEDLAC) is a forum for dialogue and engagement
between the three spheres of government. It is the only national body with amandate to deal
with economic development, labor issues, and social policy. NEDLAC (National Economic
Development and Labour Council) is one of the most important structures in South Africa,
not only for its legislative powers but also for its role in bringing about social justice and
stability. Its legislative powers are contained in Section 4 (2) of the NEDLAC Act, which
7 INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
establishes anumber of objects and functions that the Council is obliged to perform (Bassett
2004). The most important of these are:
1. To develop policies for economic development and employment creation;
2. To promote cooperation amongst employers, employees, trade unions, and other
institutions in the economic sector;
3. To promote cooperation amongst institutions responsible for employment creation and
labor relations;
4. To promote co-operation with other relevant institutions in their fields of competence;
5. To develop policies relating to education, skills training, and employment in the national
economy;
6. To provide advice to the Government on matters related to economic development, and
employment creation.
Role of labor by means of Trade Union Federation involvement in NEDLAC
The NEDLAC helps create national policies on avariety of subjects. For example, it helped
shape the National Minimum Wage Act of 1998. This act established aminimum wage for
part-time workers and fixed the basic wages for full-time workers. Another issue that the
NEDLAC has helped on is workplace insurance, which became law in January 2004 after a
long process of negotiations and negotiations with experts on both sides of the issue (Gostner
and Joffe 1998). The NEDLAC also helps employers and unions to reach agree ments about
work, working conditions, and wages in the private sector. The NEDLAC does this through
its representative bodies. It has been made up of the National Trade Union Council, the South
8 INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
African Council of Trade Unions, and the Employers Forum on Industrial Relations since it
was established.
Answer 3
Validity of Antonio ’sUIF claim
Antonio ’sUIF claim is not valid because Antonio had voluntarily resigned from the
company. Voluntary resignation is not avalid reason to apply for aUIF. In fact, the employee
will not be eligible to apply for the UIF if he has resigned voluntarily, has been suspended, or
has been absconded (Olivier, Dupper and Govindjee 2011). He will only be eligible for aUIF
benefit if he has been terminated by the employer, which in this case, is not the scenario.
Moreover, the benefits of aUIF pertain to the employee if he has been contributing to the
UIF while he was employed. In addition, to receive the benefits of the UIF, the employee
should register himself as awork seeker immediately after the unemployment or within six
months of unemployment.
Categories for which UIF can be claimed
Unemployment Insurance Fund is aprogram that provides unemployment benefits to
those who have lost their jobs. There are four categories under which one can claim an
Unemployment Insurance Fund:-
1. Unemployed individuals who are registered for benefits.
2. Employers who are registered for the Unemployment Insurance Fund.
3. Workers ’compensation insurance.
4. Self-employed people, who claim their own Unemployment Insurance Fund through
the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and Social Security Administration (SSA)
(Mametse 2007).
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Duration for the UIF payments
Generally, an unemployment allowance reaps up to 50% of the average earnings on a
daily basis for an insured worker. Antonio could have expected to receive the UIF payments
for up to one year, if and only if he had contributed for the past three years. For the duration
of this one year, the medical care that is received by the employee and his dependents is free
of cost (Mametse 2007).
Actions that Antonio should take
According to the Department of Labor, one must be able to prove that they are
actively looking for ajob. Unemployment Insurance Fund recipients have 120 days from the
date of being laid-off or terminated to find anew job before their benefits expire (Bhorat,
Goga and Tseng 2013) .To be eligible for unemployment insurance benefits, individuals must
meet the following criteria: In order to collect unemployment insurance benefits, a person
must be actively seeking work and available for work to provide services.
Answer 4
In recent years, labor unions have increased their demand for increased wages. This
has added to tensions between governments and organized labor unions. These tensions have
been further escalated by the rise in unemployment rates. It is acommon misconception that
this increase in union demand is aresult of ahigher standard of living but rather, it can be
attributed to an increase in fringe benefits such as pensions, health insurance, and
employment protection. In a recent article, the author states that “in general, unions want
higher wages to give members more spending power ”(Freeman and Medoff 1981). This is
true but it is not the only reason why unions demand higher wages. In many cases, they are
also fighting for better conditions for their members and to keep their membership because
10 INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
the lower quality of jobs in these times can contribute to the decline of union membership.
Unions have alot of power to demand higher wages because they are an important part of the
workforce. If aunion negotiates with the employer, it can demand more money as long as it
is willing to strike or engage in another form of protest. Unions also have the power to lobby
the government and this is also an important bargaining tool. They can argue that their
members would be more productive if they had better pay. Additionally, unions give workers
valuable skills that are useful in other industries and which cannot be easily replaced or
learned by the average worker. The current minimum wage in the US is $7.25 per hour, and
some states have ahigher minimum wage (Luce 2017). This rate has not changed in over a
decade, and itis well below what many economists deem as the poverty line.
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References
Balogh, T., 2017. The economics of poverty .Routledge.
Bassett, C., 2004. The demise of the social contract in South Africa. Canadian Journal of African
Studies/La Revue canadienne des études africaines ,38 (3), pp.543-557.
Bhorat, H., Goga, S. and Tseng, D., 2013. Unemployment Insurance in South Africa: A descriptive
overview of claimants and claims. University of Cape Town, Development Policy Research Unit
Working Papers ,(13160).
Figueroa, A., 2015. Growth, Employment, Inequality, and the Environment: Unity of Knowledge in
Economics: Volume II (Vol. 2). Springer.
Freeman, R.B. and Medoff, J.L., 1981. The impact of the percentage organized on union and
nonunion wages. The Review of Economics and Statistics ,pp.561-572.
Gostner, K. and Joffe, A., 1998. Negotiating the future: Labour’s role in NEDLAC. Law, Democracy
& Development ,2(1), pp.131-151.
Jaiswal, A., Arun, C.J. and Varma, A., 2022. Rebooting employees: upskilling for artificial
intelligence in multinational corporations. The International Journal of Human Resource
Management ,33 (6), pp.1179-1208.
Luce, S., 2017. Living wages: aUS perspective. Employee relations .
Mametse, D., 2007. How to claim from the UIF: unemployment insurance fund. Personal
Finance ,2007 (319), pp.13-14.
Olivier, M., Dupper, O. and Govindjee, A., 2011. Redesigning the South African Unemployment
Insurance Fund: selected key policy and legal perspectives. Stellenbosch Law Review ,22 (2), pp.396-
425.
Parsons, R., 2001. Steps towards social dialogue and the development of NEDLAC in ademocratic
South Africa 1979 –2001. South African journal of economic history ,16 (1-2), pp.139-171.
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Parsons, R., 2007. The emergence of institutionalised social dialogue in South Africa. South African
Journal of Economics ,75 (1), pp.1-21.
Sowman, M., Sunde, J., Raemaekers, S. and Schultz, O., 2014. Fishing for equality: Policy for
poverty alleviation for South Africa’s small-scale fisheries. Marine Policy ,46 ,pp.31-42.

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